The Monument and "Aurel Vlaicu" home:

Aurel Vlaicu Monument: LMI Code: HD-III-mB-03479 Date: sec. XX. Aurel Vlaicu's home: LMI Code: HD-IV-mB-03488 Date: 1870
In 1902 he joined the Polytechnic School of Budapest and in 1903 he attends Polytechnic School of Munich. In parallel, he worked on plans to build a flying machine with wings hinged, spring-loaded. 1908 finds Aurel Vlaicu at the engine plant « Opel » in Russelshein. After he finished - in June 1909 in his native village – a sail plane, Vlaicu is establishing in Bucharest.

Here, supported by many friends - writers like Vlahuta, Emil Garleanu, St. O. Iosif, George Cosbuc, etc. – he builted a small aeroplane doing a demonstration in front of the Minister of Education: Spiru Haret. Pleased by the success, the ideas and the tenacity of Vlaicu, S. Haret persisted near relevant fora and gained approval to build the «Vlaicu I» airplane in the military arsenal. After an intense work, the airplane, except the engine will be finished in 1909. Vlaicu went to Paris to buy the necessary engine plane where he meets Traian Vuia, whom he advised, for the right type of motor.

In 1910, the field of Cotroceni, Vlaicu separated the plane from the ground, rose up to a height of 3-4 m, flying a distance of 40 m, then landed smoothly. On 23 July 1910, Vlaicu had a new attempt, covering a distance of 400 m at a height of 4 m. Finally, a third attempt, which took place on August the 10-th, resulted in a success for the airplane was lifted a few tens of meters, covering a distance of 4 km. Since then, the device could compare with the best aircrafts existing in the world at the time.

On 27 September 1910 at the proposal of the Ministry of War, Vlaicu attended military maneuvers that took place that autumn, taking a message from the Slatina to Piatra Olt by plane. From this moment, Romania became the second country after France, who used the aircraft for military purposes.

In 1910 he obtain the patent RO 2258 for the „ flying machine as an arrow-shaped body” In the autumn, Aurel Vlaicu has began designing his new airplane and with the support of Spiru Haret once again it was finished at the School of Arts and Crafts.
With this new device, called „Vlaicu II”, having substantial improvements, he participated to an organized jubilee celebrating the 50th anniversary of the „Association for literature and culture of the Romanian people;, celebrations which took place on Liberty Field in Blaj.

Aviation tours followed, in Sibiu, Brasov, Iasi and in other cities, where the plane „Vlaicu II” established a series of outstanding performances (flight at an altitude of 1000 m, average speed of 90 km / h, acrobatics) . For all these accomplishments, at the proposal of Spiru Haret, Romanian Academy awarded Vlaicu with the „Gheorghe Lazar” prize.

In the summer of 1912 at the international aviation competition in Aspern, Vienna, in the company of famous pilots of the time, won first prize for throwing a projectile at target from a height of 300 m, and the prize II after famous French pilot Roland Garros for the fixed landing. His greatest desire was to try a flight over the Carpathians. Therefore, in 1913 began work on designing a new device „Vlaicu III” scheduled to be built entirely of metal. This idea was remarkable for his time, because the first metal building aircraft appeared later.. Meanwhile, finding out that a foreign aviator wanted to try flying over the Carpathians, on September 13, 1913, near Bucharest Vlaicu took off with „Vlaicu II” on a flight to the mountains, wanting first to achieve this performance, on an Romanian airplane.

Unfortunately, his project, which he carred about very much, wont last, because above Banesti village, near Campina, the plane crashed and the pilot found his death in this accident. There will be a monument that would remember forever the great courage and tragic end of Vlaicu. Plane „Vlaicu III, 1913: After his death his collaborators C. Magnani G. Silisteanu and have finished building airplane Vlaicu III, full of metal. Great Romanian writers in their works evoked the figure of Aurel Vlaicu, such as Michael Drumes and Ion Dodu Balan.

Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu poziţia oficială a Uniunii Europene sau a Guvernului României
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